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Saint Jerome

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Saint Jerome

Francisco de Zurbarán, Spanish, (1598–August 27, 1664)

Creation date: ca. 1640-1645
Creation place: Spain

Other Information

Type: Oil Painting
Medium and Support: Oil on canvas
Credit Line: Museum purchase with funds provided by Anne R. and Amy Putnam
Accession Number: 1929.45
Dimensions: 73 in. x 41 in. (185.42 cm x 104.14 cm)

Provenance

Mr. and Mrs. Heystesbury, Wiltshire, England (1823 - April 27, 1926)

F. Kleinberger Galleries, Inc., New York, New York (ca. 1929 - November 19, 1929)

Christie's, London, London, England (April 27, 1926 - May 1, 1926)

Galerie Böhler & Steinmeyer, Munich, Bavaria, Germany (May 1, 1926 - ca. 1929)

San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, California (November 19, 1929 - )

Label Copy

This painting was originally part of a series of either ten or thirteen large canvases depicting the founders of the monastic orders of Catholicism. It shows Saint Jerome dressed as a cardinal, accompanied by the lion that is his usual identifying attribute, and gesturing towards the trumpet at upper left, a reference to the saint’s vision of the Last Judgment. The series of saints was popular, and Zurbarán and his workshop produced multiple examples for monasteries both in Spain and in the New World. Paintings of this sort were, however, often exhibited in the open-air cloisters of the monasteries for which they were made, a situation that explains the dam¬aged state in which many are found today. The San Diego Saint Jerome and a Saint Benedict in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, are the only surviving examples from Zurbarán’s original set, and the background and the lion of this canvas are damaged and considerably repainted.
Last Updated: 7/24/2019

Exhibition

This object was included in the following exhibitions:

Exhibition of Works by The Old Masters, and by Deceased Masters of the British Royal Academy of Arts , 12/21/1890 - 3/21/1891

Official Art Exhibition of the California Pacific International Exposition Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego , 5/29/1935 - 11/11/1935

Official Art Exhibition of the California Pacific International Exposition Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego , 2/12/1936 - 9/9/1936

Masterpieces of Art Art Associates, Inc. , 5/1/1940 - 10/31/1940

Masterworks of Five Centuries Golden Gate International Exposition , 5/25/1940 - 9/29/1940

Spanish Painting Toledo Museum of Art , 3/16/1941 - 4/27/1941

An Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture of Saint Jerome Durlacher Brothers , 3/5/1945 - 3/31/1945

Old Master Paintings from California Museums Santa Barbara Museum of Art , 8/1/1951 - 8/30/1951

Goya, Zurbarán and Spanish Primitives Atlanta Art Association , 2/3/1957 - 3/27/1957

Modern Masters of Spanish Painting: Legacy of Spain, XXth Century San Diego Museum of Art , 1/2/1969 - 3/4/1969

Zubaran Exhibition , 1/14/1987 - 12/14/1987

Zurbarán y su Obrador: Pinturas para el Nuevo Mundo Generalitat Valenciana;Conselleria de Cultura, Educació i Ciència; Consorcio de , 7/14/1998 - 1/9/2000

Art of Devotion The San Diego Museum of Art , 1/28/2016 - 00/00/00

Art and Empire: The Golden Age of Spain The San Diego Museum of Art , 5/18/2019 - 9/2/2019

Bibliography

This object has the following bibliographic references:

Spanish Old Master Paintings Christie's. New York, New York, January 29, 1999
Page Number: 32

Julia Gethman Andrews (DUP). A Catalogue of European Paintings, 1300-1870 San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 1947
Page Number: 85, 86, Figure Number: 85

Benito Navarrette Prieto and Odile Delenda. Zurbarán y su Obrador: Generalitat Valenciana. Valencia, 1998
Page Number: 42, 43-44, Figure Number: 28

Benito Navarrette Prieto and Odile Delenda. Zurbarán y su Obrador: Generalitat Valenciana. Valencia, 1998
Page Number: 86, 108, 109, Figure Number: 3.1, 11

Benito Navarrette Prieto and Odile Delenda. Zurbarán y su Obrador: Generalitat Valenciana. Valencia, 1998
Page Number: 226

The Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego Catalogue: San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 1960
Page Number: 84, 87

Mr. Reginald Poland. Official Art Exhibition of the San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 1935
Page Number: xxxvii

Mr. Reginald Poland. Illustrated Catalogue: Official Art Exhibition of the San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 1935
Page Number: xxxvii

Illustrated Catalogue: Official Art Exhibition of the San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 1935
Page Number: 30, no. 590

Juan Antonio Gaya Nuño. La Pintura Española fuera de España Espasa-Calpe, S. A.. Madrid, España, 1958
Page Number: 344, no. 3109

Martin Sebastian Soria. The Paintings of Zurbaran Phaidon Press Ltd. London, England, 1953
Page Number: 179, 180, no. 188, Figure Number: 133

Martin Sebastian Soria. The Paintings of Zurbaran Phaidon Press Ltd. London, England, 1953
Page Number: 93, Figure Number: 93 (detail)

José Gudiol. Zurbaran, 1598–1664 Ediciones Poligrafa, S. A.. Barcelona, España, 1976
Page Number: 105, no. 326

José Gudiol. Zurbaran, 1598–1664 Ediciones Poligrafa, S. A.. Barcelona, España, 1976
Page Number: 319, Figure Number: 316

Mina Gregori. L'opera completa di Francisco de Zurbarán Rizzoli Editore. Milano, Italia, September 1973
Page Number: 79, Figure Number: 63

Mina Gregori. L'opera completa di Francisco de Zurbarán Rizzoli Editore. Milano, Italia, September 1973
Page Number: 110, 111, Figure Number: 338

María Luisa Caturla. Francisco de Zurbarán Wildenstein Institute. Paris, France, 1994
Page Number: 186, 188, Figure Number: 186

Santiago Alcolea i Gil. Zurbarán Ediciones Polígrafa, S. A.. Barcelona, Spain, 1989
Page Number: 127, Figure Number: 86

José Gudiol. Zurbaran, 1598–1664 Alpine Fine Arts Collection, Ltd.. London, England, 1987
Page Number: 105, no. 326

José Gudiol. Zurbaran, 1598–1664 Alpine Fine Arts Collection, Ltd.. London, England, 1987
Page Number: 319, Figure Number: 316

José Gudiol. Zurbaran, 1598–1664 Martin Secker & Warburg Limited. London, England, 1977
Page Number: 319, Figure Number: 316

José Gudiol. Zurbaran, 1598–1664 Martin Secker & Warburg Limited. London, England, 1977
Page Number: 105, no. 326

Zurbarán y su Obrador: Generalitat Valenciana. Valencia, 1999
Page Number: no. 11, Figure Number: no. 11

Illustrated Catalogue of the Official Art Exhibition of the San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 1936
Page Number: 10, Figure Number: 10

Illustrated Catalogue of the Official Art Exhibition of the San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 1936
Page Number: 31, no. 368

Walter Heil, ed. Masterworks of Five Centuries: Golden Gate International Exposition. San Francisco, California, 1939
Page Number: cat. no. 102

Walter Heil, ed. Masterworks of Five Centuries: Golden Gate International Exposition. San Francisco, California, 1939
Page Number: 102, Figure Number: 102

Walter Pach. Catalogue of European & American Paintings, 1500-1900 Art Aid Corporation. New York, New York, 1940
Page Number: 82, no. 113

José Gudiol. Spanish Painting Toledo Museum of Art. Toledo, Ohio, 1941
Page Number: Cat no. 72

José Gudiol. Spanish Painting Toledo Museum of Art. Toledo, Ohio, 1941
Page Number: 109, 112, Figure Number: 72

Martin Sebastian Soria. Gazette des Beaux-Arts Georges Wildenstein. Paris, France, March 1944
Page Number: 162, 163, 166, Figure Number: 10, 11 (detail)

José Gudiol. Art News The Art Foundation, Inc.. New York, New York, April 1, 1941-April 14, 1941
Page Number: 17, Figure Number: 17 and detail

Aline Bernstein Louchheim. Art News The Art Foundation, Inc.. New York, New York, March 15, 1945-March 31, 1945
Page Number: 11, Figure Number: 11

Esteban Vicente. Art News The Art Foundation Press, Inc.. New York, New York, May 1958
Page Number: 32-33, Figure Number: 6

Eric Young. Apollo The Financial Times, Ltd. London, England, June 1982
Page Number: 437, 438, Figure Number: 11

The Art News S. W. Frankel. New York, New York, December 7, 1929
Page Number: 7, Figure Number: 7

William B. M'Cormick, ed. International Studio The International Studio, Inc.. New York, New York, March 1929
Page Number: 70, Figure Number: 70

Paul Guinard. Archivo Español de Arte, Instituto Diego Velazquez. Madrid, España, Janaury 1949-March 1949
Page Number: 12, Figure Number: 12

Jeannine Baticle and Cristina Marinas. La Galerie espagnole de Louis-Philippe au Louvre, 1838–1848 Editions de la Réunion des musés nationaux. Paris, France, 1981
Page Number: 226

Exhibition of Works by The Old Masters, and by Deceased Masters of the British School, Including a Collection of Drawings and Models by Alfred Stevens Royal Academy of Arts. London, England, 1890
Page Number: 30, no. 140

Gustav Friedrich Waagen. Treasures of Art in Great Britain: John Murray. London, England, 1857 (supplement)
Page Number: 388

August Liebmann Mayer. Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst 1927-1928
Page Number: 290, Figure Number: 290

Pantheon: Verlag F. Bruckmann A G.. München, Germany, January 1930
Page Number: x

Juan Antonio Gaya Nuño. Zurbarán Ediciones Aedos. Barcelona, Spain, 1948 (and 1976)
Page Number: 152 no. 216, Figure Number: 52 (detail)

Paul Guinard. Zurbarán et les peintres espagnols dela vie monastique Paris, France, 1960 (and 1967, 1988)
Page Number: 267 no. 479, Figure Number: 479

Ramón Torres Martín. Zurbarán, el pintor gótico del siglo XVII Seville, Spain, 1963
Page Number: No. 236

Odile Delenda. Archivo Español de Arte, Instituto Diego Velazquez. Madrid, España, 2001
Page Number: 6

Dr. Don Bacigalupi and Ms. Rachel Evans. San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 2003
Page Number: 11

Mr. Steven Kern. San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 2003
Page Number: 114, Figure Number: 114

Old Master Paintings from California Museums Santa Barbara Museum of Art. Santa Barbara, California, 1951
Page Number: cat. no. 14

Mr. Francisco Fernández Pardo. Dispersión y destrucción del Patrimonio Artístico Español: Francisco Fernández Pardo. Madrid, España, 2007
Page Number: 190, 549

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