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The Musical Mode, Surmananda

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The Musical Mode, Surmananda

Nainsukh, Indian, (ca. 1710 (or 1724)–1778)

Creation date: ca. 1770
Creation place: India

Other Information

Type: Watercolor Painting
Medium and Support: Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
Credit Line: Edwin Binney 3rd Collection
Accession Number: 1990.1229
State/Province: Himachal Pradesh
Dimensions: 7 3/4 in. x 5 23/32 in. (19.7 cm x 14.5 cm)
Currently on view


E. C. Walker, London, England ( - July 6, 1964)

Sotheby's, London, England (July 6, 1964 - July 6, 1964)

Langford, London, England (July 6, 1964 - July 6, 1964)

Edwin Binney 3rd, San Diego, California (July 6, 1964 - August 27, 1990)

San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, California (August 27, 1990 - )

Label Copy

October 2005
Domains of Wonder
Paintings from Ragamalas are intended to evoke the same mood as an associated poem and piece of music. In this example, distinctive to the Pahari Ragamala tradition, the mood is bellicose. Delicately colored, the work is remarkably well drawn. One observes real animation in the figures of the two duelers, who come full tilt at each other, swords threateningly poised and bucklers advanced in defense. The white marble and pink sandstone buildings in the distance, the dress of the figures, and the forms of their weapons indicate the artist's familiarity with imperial Mughal paintings.
Last Updated: 9/5/2017


This object was included in the following exhibitions:

Rajput Miniatures from the Collection of Edwin Binney, 3rd The Portland Art Association , 9/24/1968 - 12/14/1969

Domains of Wonder: Selected Masterworks of Indian Painting San Diego Museum of Art , 10/22/2005 - 1/27/2008

Visible Vaults The San Diego Museum of Art , 11/12/2016 - 00/00/00


This object has the following bibliographic references:

William George Archer, OBE, MA, D.Litt.. Rajput Miniatures, Portland Art Museum. Portland, Oregon, 1968
Page Number: 108, 110, Figure Number: 84

William George Archer, OBE, MA, D.Litt.. Indian Paintings from the Punjab Hills, Sotheby Parke Bernet. London, England, 1973
Page Number: 143, 159 no. 43(2)

Catalogue of Western and Oriental Manuscripts and Miniatures, Sotheby & Co.. London, England, July 6, 1964
Page Number: 4, Lot no. 3

Brijinder Nath Goswamy and Dr. Caron Smith. Domains of Wonder: San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 2005
Page Number: 228, 229, Figure Number: 96


Inscription, Top center: (from the collection of?) the maharaja (Nawab?) of Lahalu?), in the state of Kangra, Punjab

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