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European Art before 1900

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Image of Study for Phidias in the "Apotheosis of Homer"

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Study for Phidias in the "Apotheosis of Homer"

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French, (August 20, 1780–January 14, 1867)

Creation date: 1827
Creation place: Europe

Other Information

Type: Oil Painting
Medium and Support: Oil on canvas mounted on panel
Credit Line: Museum purchase through the Earle W. Grant Endowment Fund
Accession Number: 1974.7
Dimensions: 12 3/4 in. x 14 in. (32.39 cm x 35.56 cm)


Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, France (ca. 1827 - October 13, 1866)

Haro, Paris, France (October 13, 1866 - May 30, 1892-May 31, 1892)

Edgar Degas, Paris, France (May 30, 1892-May 31, 1892 - 1918)

Edgar Degas Collection Sale, Paris, France (1918 - 1918)

Henry Lapauze, Paris, France (1918 - June 21, 1929)

M. Rosenberg, Paris, France (June 21, 1929 - ca. 1974)

Wildenstein & Co., Inc., New York, New York (ca. 1974 - March 20, 1974)

San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, California (March 20, 1974 - )

Label Copy

The last great artist of the French classical tradition, Ingres spent much of his early career in Italy. Basing his art on the examples of antiquity and of the great Renaissance master Raphael (1483–1520), he developed an orderly—even severe—style that rejected the drama both of the Baroque and of contemporary Romanticism. Ingres regularly sent works for inclusion in the Paris Salon, but his success there was limited until 1824, when following the near-universal praise for his Vow of Louis XIII, he returned to France. He was soon thereafter engaged with a major public commission, a monumental ceiling painting for the Louvre that was to depict the Apotheosis of Homer. Based on Raphael’s Parnassus fresco in the Vatican Palace, the huge canvas shows the ancient poet Homer receiving homage from the great writers and visual artists of antiquity and modern times: Virgil, Raphael, Michelangelo, Dante, Poussin, Shakespeare, and many others. Ingres worked intensely on the project and developed the figures in a series of drawings and in oil sketches like the present canvas, which depicts Phidias, the greatest sculptor of Ancient Greece.
Last Updated: 10/25/2018


This object was included in the following exhibitions:

David and Ingres: Paintings and Drawings M. Knoedler & Company , 1/8/1940 - 1/27/1940

The Private Collection of Edgar Degas , 9/22/1997 - 1/11/1998

Genre and Myth The San Diego Museum of Art , 8/13/2016 - 00/00/00


This object has the following bibliographic references:

Julie Dunn, ed. San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 1993
Page Number: 144, Figure Number: 144

Ettore Camesasca. L'opera completa di Ingres Rizzoli Editore. Milano, Italia, April, 1968
Page Number: 103, 104, 105, no. 120s, Figure Number: 120s

Walter Pach. Ingres Harper & Brothers Publishers. New York, New York, 1939
Figure Number: opposite page 143

19th-Century Paintings and Sculpture: W. M. Brady & Co., Inc.. New York, New York, 2000
Page Number: no. 7 (concluded)

Invitation: Musée Ingres. Montauban, France, 2000
Page Number: 14, no. 28

Valérie Bajou. Monsieur Ingres Société Nouvelle Adam Biro. Paris, France, 1999
Page Number: 215, 380, Figure Number: 148

Mr. Steven Kern. San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 2003
Page Number: 127, Figure Number: 127

David and Ingres: M. Knoedler and Company. New York, New York, 1940
Page Number: Cat. no. 26

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