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Image of Speaking from the Heart: An Assembly of Poets and Sufis

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Speaking from the Heart: An Assembly of Poets and Sufis

Muhammad Daulat, son of L'al, Indian, b. 17th century

Creation date: ca. 1640
Creation place: India

Other Information

Type: Watercolor Painting
Medium and Support: Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
Credit Line: Edwin Binney 3rd Collection
Accession Number: 1990.353
State/Province: Delhi
Dimensions: 8 31/32 in. x 5 31/32 in. (22.8 cm x 15.2 cm)


Sevadjian, Paris, France ( - November 23, 1960)

Hôtel Drouot, Paris, France (November 23, 1960 - November 23, 1960)

Michel Beurdeley, Paris, France (November 23, 1960 - August 28, 1962)

Edwin Binney 3rd, San Diego, California (August 28, 1962 - August 27, 1990)

San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, California (August 27, 1990 - )

Label Copy

The Late Shah Jahan Album, now dispersed, was a compilation of calligraphies and portraits mounted so that facing pages were either texts or paintings. The calligraphies had borders of decorated arabesques. The portraits were bordered by people who were subservient to the sitter, engaged in their various occupation. The inscription identifying Daulat as the painter of the border is on the book held by the figure at the lower right.
The men in the main picture are Muslim scholars, all involved with the written word. They are shown in discussion, books kept close by for quick reference. The man at the upper left, hand extended, is Qutb al Din Bakhtiyar Kaki, a celebrated Muslim saint of Delhi who died in 1235. The older man across from him is Shaikh Husain. Both have been identified from inscribed paintings, but the rest have so far not been identified. Unlike the other four, the men at the lower corners wear garments such as those worn when the painting was made. This, then, is an anachronistic gathering of philosophers who never met, but who shared similar beliefs. The painting was probably made for a member of the royal family who followed their teachings.

October 2005
Domains of Wonder
Three Sufi holy men (dervishes) on the right sit across from three literary men outside the bounds of a city and engage one another in learned discourse. The carefully rendered borders of this album page are illuminated with paintings of poets, writers, and holy men with leather-bound books, much like the type of book in which paintings such as this would have once been bound.
Last Updated: 9/5/2017


This object was included in the following exhibitions:

Islamic Art from the Collection of Edwin Binney 3rd Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibitions Service , 10/1/1966 - 10/19/1969

Islamic Art Across the World Indiana University Art Museum , 6/18/1970 - 10/1/1970

The Mughal and Deccani Schools: Indian Miniature Painting from the Collection of Edwin Binney, 3rd The Portland Art Association , 12/2/1973 - 3/7/1976

Paintings from the Muslim Courts of India British Museum , 4/13/1976 - 7/11/1976

La Miniatura de la India: Colección Edwin Binney III El Colegio de México , 1/1/1979 - 12/31/1979

Myths, Monsters, Maharajas: Introducing the Binney Collection San Diego Museum of Art , 11/23/1991 - 1/26/1992

Domains of Wonder: Selected Masterworks of Indian Painting San Diego Museum of Art , 10/22/2005 - 1/27/2008

Temple, Palace, Mosque: Southern Asian & Persian Art , 1/2/2010 - 2/1/2011


This object has the following bibliographic references:

Dr. Ellen Smart. San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 1993
Page Number: 71, 80, 81, Figure Number: 81

Dr. Edwin Binney, 3rd. The Mughal and Deccani Schools Portland Art Museum. Portland, Oregon, 1973
Page Number: 80, 85, Figure Number: 60

Dr. Edwin Binney, 3rd. La Miniatura de la India: Fondo Nacional para las Artes (FONAPAS). México, D.F., 1979
Page Number: 21

Graciela de la Lama. La Miniatura de la India: Fondo Nacional para las Artes (FONAPAS). México, D.F., 1979
Page Number: 52, 53, Figure Number: 9

Theodore Robert Bowie. Islamic Art from Across the World Indiana University Art Museum. Bloomington, Indiana, 1970
Page Number: 39, no. 140

Amina Okada. Indian Miniatures of the Mughal Court Harry N. Abrams, Inc.. New York, New York, 1992
Page Number: 170, 172, Figure Number: 207

Art Persan: Hôtel Drouot. Paris, France, November 23, 1960
Page Number: Lot no. 65, Figure Number: 65

Ralph H. Pinder-Wilson. Paintings from the Muslim Courts of India World of Islam Festival Publishing Company Ltd. London, England, 1976
Page Number: 85 no. 160

Mr. Daniel J. Ehnbom. Indian Miniatures: Hudson Hills Press. New York, New York, 1985
Page Number: 64

Brijinder Nath Goswamy and Dr. Caron Smith. Domains of Wonder: San Diego Museum of Art. San Diego, California, 2005
Page Number: 148, 149, Figure Number: 58

Mr. Joseph N. Newland, QED, ed. Muraqqa´ Art Services International. Alexandria, Virginia, 2008
Page Number: 463 no. I. C. 39

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