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Muhammad praises his followers who are building the mosque at Medina

Creation date: ca. 1425
Creation place: Afghanistan

Other Information

Type: Manuscript Painting
Medium and Support: Opaque watercolor on paper
Credit Line: Gift of Edwin Binney 3rd
Accession Number: 1971.56
Dimensions: 8 5/8 in. x 6 3/4 in. (21.91 cm x 17.15 cm)
Currently on view


C.D. Kelekian, New York, New York ( - November 11, 1961)

Edwin Binney 3rd, San Diego, California (November 2, 1961 - December 21, 1971)

San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, California (December 21, 1971 - )

Label Copy

March 2023
Mountain, Meadow, Citadel: The Many Landscapes of Afghanistan Rotation
In this painting from a copy of the Majma` al-tavarikh (Collection of Chronicles), the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the messenger of God, is shown encouraging his followers in the arduous task of building the mosque at Medina. Written by the historian Hafiz Abru (d. 1430), the text covers the history of the world from Adam through the reign of the Timurid emperor Shahrukh (r. 1405 –1447), who commissioned this copy in Herat. Drawing from Biblical, Islamic, Iranian, Chinese, and Mongol histories, it follows the model of an earlier Mongol compendium produced in Iran. 

June 2005
Tastes in Asian Art Installation
When Muhammad left Mecca to found the first Muslim community to the north in Medina, he began the construction of the first congregational prayer hall, known as a mosque. There, according to the text, one of the builders complained that he was bearing more than his share of the burden. The Prophet urged him to return to work. The mosque, made of brick, features a niche, known as a mihrab, which orients the faithful to the direction of Mecca - the direction in which they are to pray. At a later date the niche in this painting was been over painted, and the face of the Prophet rubbed out.
Last Updated: 3/21/2023


This object was included in the following exhibitions:

Persian and Indian Miniatures from the Collection of Edwin Binney, 3rd The Portland Art Association , 9/28/1962 - 11/29/1962

Islamic Art from the Edwin Binney Collection Phoenix Art Museum , 3/18/1977 - 5/1/1977

Tastes in Asian Art Rotation , 5/28/2005 - 11/6/2005


This object has the following bibliographic references:

Dr. Edwin Binney, 3rd. Persian and Indian Miniatures, Portland Art Museum. Portland, Oregon, 1962
Page Number: 12 no. 16

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